Keen to discover more about the history of the Foundling Hospital? Find below a list of books and materials relating to the Foundling Hospital, its supporters and the eighteenth century.

A Foundling [Hannah Brown], The Child She Bare

Adair, Richard, Courtship, illegitimacy, and marriage in early modern England (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996)

Allin, David S., Foundling Hospital in the eighteenth century: some facts and figures (published privately, 2002)

Allin, David A., ‘Foundling Hospital children at nurse in Hertfordshire in the eighteenth century’ in Caring County? Social Care in Hertfordshire from 1600 (Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press, 2013)

Allin, David S., The early years of the Foundling Hospital 1739/40-1773 (published privately, 2010)

Allin, David S., Hertfordshire and the Foundling Hospital in the Eighteenth Century (published privately, 2016)

Allin, David S., Taylor White (1701-1772) Treasurer of the Foundling Hospital 1746-1772 (published privately, 2014)

Allin, David S., Yorkshire and the Foundling Hospital 1741-1773 (published privately, 2018)

Almon, John, The new foundling hospital for wit. (first published as a periodical entitled Foundling hospital for wit, 1768-1772, cf. National union Catalogue. London ; printed for J. Debrett, 1786)

Anon / Cato, ‘The Tendencies of the Foundling Hospital: In Its Present Extent Considered’ in Several Views, Just as They Occur en Passant in a Lax Epistolary Address, Several Letters to a Senator, Volume 23 (Oxford; Private Use, 2009

Anon, An Account of the Foundling Hospital in London, for the Maintenance and Education of Exposed and Deserted Young Children (London: Foundling Hospital, 1826)

Appleby, J.H., ‘Robert Dingley FRS (1710-1781). Merchant, architect and pioneering philanthropist’, Notes Rec R Soc Lond Vol. 45:2 (1991), pp. 139-154

Appleby, Louise, Georgian Values, BMJ Vol. 298:8:4 (1989)

Ashton, Rosemary, John Brownlow (1800-1873), published as part of the Bloomsbury Project (UCL, 2011)

Andrew, Donna T., Philanthropy and Police: London Charity in the Eighteenth Century (Princeton University Press, 1989)

Aspey, Gordon, All at Sea, Emsea Press, 2010. (Biography)

Barrett-Ducroq, F., Love in the time of Victoria: sexuality, class and gender in nineteenth century London, tr. John Howe (London, 1991)

Barry, Jonathan and Jones, Colin (eds), Medicine and Charity Before the Welfare State (London: Routledge, 1991)

Beckett, R. B., Hogarth (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1949)

Benton, James, A short history of Ashlyns School

Berry, Helen, Orphans of Empire: The fate of London’s foundlings (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019)

Betts, Barbara, ‘Foundling Hospital’, Picture Post Vol. 3:5 (1941)

Binnie, Margaret, ‘History of the Foundling Hospital and guide to the art collection’ (photocopied pamphlet, TCFC 1993)

Borg, Alan, ‘Theodore Jacobsen and the building of the Foundling Hospital’, The Georgian Group Journal, Vol. 13, 2003, pp.12-34

Borg, Alan, ‘Theodore Jacobsen: A Gentleman Well Versed in the Science of Architecture’, Irish Art Historical Studies in Honour of Peter Harbison, edited by Colum Hourihane (Dublin: Princeton University, 2004) pp.276-94

Bourne Taylor, Jenny, ‘Received a Blank Child: John Brownlow, Charles Dickens and the London Foundling Hospital: Archives and Fictions’, in Nineteenth-Century Literature, Vol. 56: 3 (2001), pp.293-363

Brocklesby, R (?), Private Virtue and Public Spirit Display’ed in a succinct essay on the character of the Capt. Thomas Coram etc, printed for J Roberts at the Oxford-Arms in Warwickshire, London 1751 [a

Brown, Hannah, The child she bare (London: Headley, 1919)

Brownlow, John, Hans Sloane. A tale. Illustrating the history of the Foundling Hospital in London (London: F. Warr, 1831)

Brownlow, John, The History and description of the Foundling Hospital with a memoir of the Founder (TC, London, 1858)

Brownlow, John, The History and Objects of the Foundling Hospital with a memorie of the Founder, 4th Ed. As revised by W.S. Wintle (London, 1881)

Brownlow, John, Memoranda or Chronicles of the Foundling Hospital including memoranda of Captain Coram (London, 1847)

Brownlow, John, Thoughts and Suggestions having reference to Infanticide, 1864 (pamphlet)

Buck, Anne, Clothes and the Child (Ruth Bean, Carlton Bedford, 1996)

Burnage, Sarah, ‘Training at the Royal Academy’, Extract taken from PhD on The works of John Bacon RA, (1769-1799), Dept. History of Art, University of York

Burrows, Donald, ‘Organs and organists at the Foundling Hospital, 1750-1800’, Handbook for studies in 18th-century English Music, vol. 20 (2016), pp.1-26

Burrows, Donald, and Katharine Hogg, Handel the Philanthropist (London: The Foundling Museum, 2009)

Cassidy, Raymond, ‘The parish of Waltham and the Foundling Hospital’, Essex Harvest (2003)

Chase, Laura (ed), Superheroes, Orphans and Origins 125 Years in Comics, (Lewes: Unicorn, 2022) Costume, No. 28 (1994)

Clark, Gillian, ‘Infant Clothing in the Eighteenth Century’, Costume, No. 28 (1994)

Clark, Gillian, ‘London nurse children: a source of female employment in the rural domestic economy between 1540 and 1750’, Genealogists’ Magazine Vol. 23:3 (1989), pp. 97-101

Clark, Gillian, ‘Perception of smallpox in the eighteenth century’, The Edward Jenner Trust (October 1995 and February 1998)

Clark, Gillian (ed), ‘The correspondence of the inspectors of The Foundling Hospital in Berkshire, 1757 – 1768’, Berkshire Record Society, vol. 1:1 (1994)

Clark, Gillian, ‘The records of the Foundling Hospital’, Genealogists’ Magazine (2002)

Clark, Gillian and Bright, Janette, ‘The Foundling Hospital and its Token System’ Family and Community History Volume 18 Number 1 (April 2015)

Clark, Gillian and Smart, Jim, ‘Usage of the postal system in mid-eighteenth-century Berkshire: an exploration from the Foundling Hospital archives’ Local Historian Vol. 29:3 (1999) pp. 152-166

Cohen, M., ‘Addison, Blake, Coram and the London Foundling Hospital: rhetoric as philanthrophy and art’, The Centennial Review 34 (1990) pp. 541-566

Cole, Sophie, The Lure of Old London Chapter IX pp. 117-126 (London: Mills & Boon, 1921)

Colley, Linda, Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837 (Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 1992)

Compston, Herbert Fuller Bright, Thomas Coram, Churchman, Empire Builder and Philanthropist (London, 1918)

Compstone, Rosemary M., ‘Thomas Coram and the Foundling Hospital’ The Sign pp. 104-106

Cunningham, Hugh and Innes, Joanna (eds), Philanthropy and Reform from the 1690s to 1850 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998)

Cunnington P. and Lucas C. Charity Costumes (London: A & C Black Publishers Ltd, 1978)

Daunton, Martin (ed), Charity, Self-interest and Welfare in the English Past (London: UCL Press, 1996)

Dickens, Charles, “Received, A Blank Child”, Household Words: A Weekly Journal, 19 March 1853

Dobson, A. ‘Captain Coram’s Charity’, Eighteenth Century Vignettes 3rd Ed. (London, 1896) Chapter 4

Einberg, Elizabeth, “St John, and the importance of ‘Bottom’: Another look at Hogarth’s March of the Guards to Finchley”, The British Art Journal (2004)

Evans, Tanya, Unfortunate Objects: Lone Mothers in the Eighteenth Century (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005)

Fant, H. B., “Picturesque Thomas Coram, Projector of Two Georgias and Father of the Foundling Hospital”, The Georgia Historical Quarterly, 32 (1948)

Fielding, Henry, Tom jones (London: Penguin Group, 1994)

Fildes, Valerie, Breasts, Bottles and Babies (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1987)

Fildes, Valerie, Wet nursing: a history from antiquity to the present (Oxford, 1988)

Fordham, Douglas, “State, Nation, and Empire in the History of Georgian Art”, Perspective: La revue de l’INHA, no. 1 (2012), pp. 115-35

Freeman, Nicola (ed), Found: An exhibition curated by Cornelia Parker RA (London: The Foundling Museum, 2016)

de Freitas, Ricci, Tales of Brunswick  Square Bloomsbury’s untold past (London: Marchmont Association 2014)

Gavin, Jamila, Coram Boy (London: Mammoth, 2000) [fiction]

Gardiner, Mark, Smallpox prophylaxis at the London Foundling Hospital: the change from variolation to vaccination, A dissertation/essay for the diploma in the History of Medicine, Society of Apothecaries of London (2009), copyright jointly to the author and to the Society of Apothecaries

Gibson, Kate, Illegitimacy, Family and Stigma in England, 1660-1834 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022)

Gledhill , Jim, “Coming Of Age In Uniform: The Foundling Hospital And British Army Bands In The Twentieth Century”, Family & Community History, Vol. 13/2 (November 2010)

Harris, Rhian, and Simon, Robin (eds), Enlightened Self-Interest: The Foundling Hospital and Hogarth (Draig Press, London 1997)

Hart, L. John Wilkes and the Foundling Hospital at Aylesbury 1759-1768 (HM.& M.Publishers, 1979)

Headley, Gill (ed), Sir Jacob Epstein Babies & Bloomsbury, (London: The Foundling Museum, 2015)

Hearn, Karen, Portraying Pregnancy: From Holbein to Social Media (London: Paul Hoberton Publishing in association with The Foundling Museum, 2020)

Hill, Hamilton Andrews, Thomas Coram in Boston and Taunton (Worcester, Mass. 1892)

Hogg, Katharine, ‘The Gerald Coke Handel Collection at the Foundling Museum’. A handbook for studies in 18th-century English music. Vol. 16 (2006)

Hogg, Katharine, ‘The Gerald Coke Handel Collection at the Foundling Museum’, Music and the book trade from the sixteenth to the twentieth century, ed. Robin Myers, Michael Harris and Giles Mandelbrote, (2008).

Hogg, Katharine, ‘Handel and the Foundling Hospital: The Gerald Coke Handel Collection at the Foundling Museum’, Fontes Artis Musicae , Vol. 55, No. 3 , July-September 2008

Hogg, Katharine, ‘Handeliana at the Foundling Museum’, The Ephemerist: Journal of the Ephemera Society, no. 172 (Spring 2016), pp. 3-8

Hogg, Katharine, ‘Handel and the Foundling Hospital’, Händel-Jahrbuch 53, Jahrgang 2007, pp. 121-129.

Howell, Caro, The Foundling Museum: An Introduction (2014)

Hutchins, John Harold, Jonas Hanway: 1712-1786 (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1940)

**Hutchings, Sam, BA (Hons) Furniture: Conservation, Restoration & Decorative Arts:  To What Extent Can Emotion and Personal Attachment Inform Contemporary Conservation and Restoration Practice?

Jennison S. ‘Notes for a Biography of Thomas Coram’, American Antiquarian Society (Worcester, Mass. no date)

Jocelyn, Martha, A home for Foundlings (Toronto: Tundra Books, 2005)

Jones, G. F. (ed.), Henry Newman’s Salyberger Letterbooks, (Athens, 1966)

Jordan, W.K., Philanthropy in England 1480-1660 (Cambridge MA: Belknap Press, 1959)

Jordanova, Ludmilla, “Portraits, People and Things: Richard Mead and Medical Identity”, History of Science, vol. 41 (2003), pp.293-313

Laslett, Peter, family life and illicit love in earlier generations, Essays in Historical Sociology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977)

London County Council – Survey of London – King’s Cross Neighbourhood  (vol xxiv, part iv, 1952)

Levene, Alysa, Childcare, Health and Mortality at the London Foundling Hospital 1741-1800 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007)

Levene, Alysa, Narratives of the poor in eighteenth-century Britain, Vol. 3, Institutional responses: the London Foundling Hospital (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2006)

Levene, Alysa, Nutt, Thomas, and Williams, Samantha (eds), Illegitimacy in Britain, 1700-1920 (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005)

Levene, Alysa, The Childhood of the Poor Welfare in Eighteenth-Century London, (Basinstoke Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)

Levene, Alysa, ‘The estimation of mortality at the London Foundling Hospital, 1741-1799’, Population Studies Vol. 59:1 (2005) pp. 89-99

Massie, J., A plan for the establishment of charity-houses for exposed or deserted women and girls, and for penitent prostitutes: Observations concerning the foundling-hospital, shewing the ill consequences of giving public support thereto. Considerations relating to the poor and the poor’s-laws of England…Also, a new system of policy, most humbly proposed, for relieving, employing and ordering the poor of England…To which are annexed, forms of the principal accounts necessary to be kept for those purposes (1758)

Massie, J. Farther observations concerning the Foundling-Hospital: pointing out the ill effects which such an hospital is likely to have upon the religion, liberty and domestic happiness of the people of Great Britain (printed for T. Payne [and two others], 1759)

McCaughan, R.E.M. ‘The Foundling Hospital Site: Then and Now’, Journal of the London Society, April 1955

McClure, Ruth K., Coram’s Children: The London Foundling Hospital in the Eighteenth Century (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1981)

McClure, Ruth, ‘Pediatric Practice at the London Foundling Hospital’, Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture, 10 (1981), 361–71

McGrath, Anthony, Unpublished MA Dissertation: Challenging Hogarth: A Revisionist Account of the Authorship of the Court Room at the Foundling Hospital London (2007)

Mitchell, Alethea, Sir Charles Whitworth 1721-1778, Member of Parliament 1742-1778, Treasurer of the Foundling Hospital 1772-1778 (published privately, 2019)

Mitchell, Alethea, Westerham and the Foundling Hospital in the Eighteenth Century (published privately, 2016)

Morley, Charles: ‘London at prayer: Christmas carols at the Foundling’ [sic], illustrated by AH Buckland, Pall Mall Magazine (1905) pp. 797-804

Morley, Jane, ESSAY: How can Alison Landsberg’s definition of ‘prosthetic memory’ be critically applied to describe the concept of a museum of memory?  Discuss with reference to one museum of your choice (Silke Arnold-de Simine)

 Morley, Jane, ESSAY:  Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens and Punch Bowl

Nalden, Charles, Half and Half: the Memoirs of a Charity Brat 1908-1989 (Moana Press, New Zealand, 1990)

Nead, Lynda, Myths of Sexuality (Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd, 1990)

Nichols, R.H. and Wray F.A., The History of the Foundling Hospital (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1935)

Nicolson, B. The Treasures of the Foundling Hospital (London: Clarendon Press, 1972)

Nolan, Andy, Unpublished PHD Thesis, 2002: Philanthropy and Visual Culture in Mid-Eighteenth Century Britain: The Public Image of the London Foundling Hospital, 1739-1760 (University of East Anglia)

Norman, Louise, MSc Dissertation 2008: Philanthropy, Practitioners and Infants: The Role of the Foundling Hospital in the History of Eighteenth-century Medicine (London Centre for the History of Science, Medicine and Technology)

O’Brien, Grant, Background and History of the Organ (fragment)

Oliver, Christine and Aggleton, Peter, Coram’s Children: Growing up in the care of the Foundling Hospital 1900-1955 (London: Coram Family/Thomas Coram Research Unit, 2000)

Olsen, Donald J., Town Planning in London: the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1982)

Omberg, H. ‘William Hogarth’s Picture of Capt coram’, in Studies on Hogarth’s Outlook around 1740, trans. DAH Evans 1974

Orr J. and Barnes W. The story of The Thomas Coram Foundation for Children and its Art Collection (no date)

Outhwaite, R.B. ‘Objects of Charity: Petitions to the Foundling Hospital, 1768-72’, Eighteenth Century Studies, Vo. 32, no.4, 1999, pp.497-510

Owen, David, English Philanthropy 1660-1960 (Cambridge MA: Belknap Press, 1964)

Page, A. The Foundling Hospital and its neighbourhood: with an introduction by WR Lethaby, (London: Foundling Estate Protection Association, 1926)

Pope, Pamela, The rich pass by (London: Sheridan Book Co., 1990)

Porter, Roy, English Society in the Eighteenth Century (Penguin, London 1982)

Porter, Roy ‘Points of Entry: The Foundling Hospital’, History Today, Vol. 38, March 1988, pp.61-62

Pugh, Gillian, London’s Forgotten Children: Thomas Coram and the Foundling Hospital (Stroud: Tempus, 2007)

Ramsland, J. ‘Cultivating a Respectful and Modest Demeanour: Children of the Foundling 1800-1926’, The London Journal Vol. 18:2 (1993) pp. 95-112

Rennie, Claire, ‘The education of children in London’s foundling hospital, c. 1800–1825’, Childhood in the Past Vol. 11:1 (2018) pp. 8-20

Rudé, George, Hanoverian London 1714-1808 (London, 1971)

Renzi, Kristen, ‘Archival Seduction: The Discursive Challenges of Reading Sex Crimes in the London Foundling Hospital’s Mothers’ Petitions, 1807-1827’, Feminist Formations Vol 30 Issue 2 (Summer 2018) pp 118-146

Riding, Jacqueline, Basic Instincts: Love, Passion and Violence in the Art of Joseph Highmore (London, Paul Holberton Publishing, 2017)

Sheetz-Nguyen, Jessica, A., Victorian Women, Unwed Mothers and the London Foundling Hospital, (New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2012)

Solkin, David H., Painting for Money: The Visual Arts and the Public Sphere in Eighteenth Century England (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1992)

Styles, John, The Dress of the People: Everyday Fashion in Eighteenth Century England (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2007)

Thomas Coram Foundation, The story of the Thomas Coram Foundation for Children (London: illustrated pamphlet, 1979)

Thompson, D’arcy Wentworth, ‘Foundling children at church’, Country Life Vol. L No. 1296 (1921) pp. 585-586

Zumshine, Lisa, Bastards and Foundlings: illegitimacy in eighteenth-century England, (Ohio: Ohio State University Press 2005)

Webb, Diane, The Governor Architect and the Planning of the London Foundling Hospital (Unpublished MA dissertation, 2008)

Webb, W. The Foundling Hospital for wit. Intended for the reception and preservation of such brats of wit and humour, whose parents chuse to drop them. Containing all the satires, odes, ballads, epigrams, &c. that have been wrote since the change of the Ministry, many of which have never before been printed (published by W. Webb, 1743-1749)

Wedd, Kit (ed. Rhian Harris and Lars Tharp), The Foundling Museum (London, 2009)

Wilson, Adrian. ‘Illegitimacy and its implications in mid-eighteenth century London: the evidence of the Foundling Hospital’, Continuity and Change, 4:1 (1989), pp.103-64

Wilson, Jacqueline, Hetty Feather (London: Doubleday Children’s, 2009) [children’s fiction]

Wise, D. and Cox-Johnson (Saunders) A. (eds.), ‘The diary of William Taylor Footman 1837’, The Marylebone Society (1987) pp. 26-27

Young, Barbara, ‘Rags to Riches’, Wokingham Historian No. 9 (august 1996) pp. 2-11

Unknown author, ‘An account of the first General Meeting of the Governors on the 20th [Nov 1739]’ The Monthly Chronologer (Nov 1739) p.627-628

Unknown author, ‘The Foundling Hospital and neighbourhood’, Old and New London Chapter XXVII (1868) p. 356

Unknown author, ‘Sunday at Church’, Illustrated London News (7 Dec 1872)

Unknown author, ‘The Foundling Hospital’, Windsor Magazine (c. 1889) pp. 727-736

Unknown author, ‘The Foundling Hospital’, Strand Magazine (1891) pp.281-286

Unknown author, ‘The Foundling Hospital: a site for the University of London’ (illustrated), Country Life Vol. XLVIII No. 1241 (16 Oct 1920) pp. 502-509

Unknown editor, ‘The Letters of Thomas Coram 1701-1740’, Massachusetts Historical Society (Oct-Nov 1922) pp.15-56


The working papers of the Foundling Hospital from 1731 right up to the late twentieth century are at the London Metropolitan Archives. Documents that identify individual children are closed for 110 years after the latest date in them. This includes personal files and items like registers that cover a long span. The British Library catalogue lists 141 items, some of which are on this list. The content covers the main site and the out-hospitals and describes books, pictures, sermons, anthems, regulations, accounts and criticisms. Journal articles will be there also but not listed by individual contributor, only by the journal title.